There were 298,000 UK-born people with residency in Ireland in 2016, according to the Irish statistics agency Eurostat, which used figures reported by Irish authorities. Of these, around one-eighth of them receive the UK state pension.
For expats that need advice on pensions and investments, the investment regulator is here https://www.centralbank.ie/
For those that need advice on insurance, whether that be car insurance, health insurance or life insurance, the insurance regulator is https://www.centralbank.ie/ and a popular voice of the industry is www.insuranceireland.eu
Aisa Group is registered for both insurance and investment advice for expats resident in Ireland.
Ireland Specific Pension Information
All pensions originating from the UK are subject to tax in Ireland unless they are pensions being paid in respect of service to the government (eg civil service) or local government (but not teaching). These exceptions are taxed in the UK instead.
KEY POINT: Pensions - UK pensions can be paid without deduction of UK tax if you are resident in Ireland and don't spend too many days a year in the UK.
If you go to the UK Revenue and Customs site (www.hmrc.gov.uk), you will be able to find both an English language version of the current UK-Irish Double Taxation Treaty (https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/tax-treaties ) ( Articles 18 and 19 refer).
Ireland Tax considerations
Ireland only recognises investments, investment providers and insurance bonds that are registered to be sold in Ireland. There is a suggestion that the sale of non-compliant insurance bonds (whether outside a pension or not) will not enjoy any tax benefits and should be declared on tax returns, but certainly non-regulated investments do not come under any form of protection.
The legal and tax consequences of a foreign trust are complex and uncertain. Case law is scarce. For an expat living in Ireland, or returning to the UK they have to consider personalised bond rules to avoid taxation in the UK, and they have to consider any trust implications in Ireland.
KEY POINT: For those expats who were advised to take out a trust in the UK and put the investment into an Investment Bond for tax efficiency reasons – you must review this arrangement through a combined UK and Irish wealth adviser who has Inheritance Tax specialities (such as ourselves), especially if the expat intends to return to the UK.
For more information go to our Tax Hub
Ireland specific Investment Strategies
There is a saying ‘Don’t let the tax tail wag the investment dog’. Investors should be interested in the best strategy to get the highest net return after tax AND fees.
KEY POINT: If the fees for a tax strategy are higher than the tax saved, then it would be sensible to look at taxed options with lower fees. In some cases clients would have been better off not taking out the supposedly “tax-efficient” investment bond!
The adviser should look at alternative strategies, suggest options to discuss with you, finalising a best solution for you, the client, based on investment, fees and the overall tax liability. Non-regulated investments do not come under any form of protection.
KEY POINT: Investments not regulated under EU rules will not be protected under the Financial Services Compensation Scheme. If these investments go bust then the client will lose all their money and have no protection.
Key issues / concerns
Investments not regulated under EU rules will not be protected under the Financial Services Compensation Scheme. If these investments go bust then the client will lose all their money and have no protection.
Some Irish investment bonds will be helpful but we recommend only with EU regulated investments inside and ideally a “clean” structure (no commissions if possible although declared commissions are legal in Ireland). Investment bonds, when sold in a QROPS or International SIPP, are to be avoided.
The main consideration should be the balancing of tax efficient advice which takes into account future plans, and charges of products.
If the fees for a tax strategy are higher than the tax saved, then it would be sensible to look at taxed options with lower fees.
The vast majority of expat advisers (differ from regulated Irish advisers), providing investment or pension investment advice to UK expats, do not have investment licences and are circumventing this by selling insurance wrappers that are expensive and commission laden.
What should you be considering
- If you are confident enough, then do your research, and place investment directly.
- If you need assistance, then seek advisers who are regulated themselves in the UK for pensions advice, and / or regulated for INVESTMENT advice in Ireland.
- Consider not only tax efficiency, but also costs!
- Point 4 – is, make sure the costs are accurate! If you are told the costs are 1% or 1.5% per annum in total and there is no fee up front, then you are probably being lied to in 95% of cases.
Some advisers, providing investment or pension investment advice, do not have investment licences and are circumventing this by selling insurance wrappers (investment bonds) that are expensive and commission laden.
- Don’t get taken in by the great claims over QROPS and Insurance bonds or investment platforms that are really investment bonds. These add layered charges and are usually not the best outcome for clients (although we accept that in around 15% of cases they are).
Don’t be a sheep. Just because your best friend was advised to do something, never assume this is the right thing. Each person is an individual and requires individual solutions. If your friend were to walk off a cliff, would you follow them?